The western sahara conflict

why does morocco want western sahara

The Algerian authorities joined the Polisario Front with weapons and equipment, and displaced refugee camps located in a desert plateau called Hamada, near the Algerian town of Tindouf, to accommodate the Saharawis fleeing the Moroccan Army.

Inthe War of the Sand was a difficult moment of crisis between Rabat and Algiers. Department of Defense had approved a shipment of 62 tanks to Morocco. They should create a new center of power in North Africa — without any international role of States like Egypt or Libya — and achieve a peaceful resolution to the frozen conflict of West Sahara, even if both countries want to control the territory.

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On Apr. This article appeared in the Middle East and Africa section of the print edition under the headline "The sands time forgot". Except for defense and foreign policy, all other decisions would be the responsibility of the local government. It was intended to replace the Settlement Plan of and the Houston Agreement of , which had effectively failed to make any lasting improvement. On December 5th they will gather in Geneva to try, yet again, to resolve the differences between Morocco, which rules two-thirds of the territory, and the Polisario Front, a nationalist movement that controls the other mostly inhospitable third. Others pointed to Algeria —which supports and hosts Polisario—as the primary instigator. It might also find it difficult to police the territory, which is the size of Britain but home to just a few hundred thousand people. But the parties remain deeply divided. Morocco has offered autonomy to Western Sahara, but Polisario - which waged a low-intensity guerrilla war until a ceasefire in - reject this and want a referendum with independence for Western Sahara as one of the options. However, any military force deployed for such an effort would likely solicit a strong international reaction for defying the cease-fire agreement.

The delegation says its aim in the talks is to achieve its people's inalienable right to self-determination and independence. This article appeared in the Middle East and Africa section of the print edition under the headline "The sands time forgot".

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Continuing disputes between the two factions once more brought the process to a halt. Inthe cease-fire is signed in advance of the referendum. Many observers have reached the same conclusion.

Western sahara war

According to Pascal Bongard, program director at Geneva Call, between five and ten million land mines have been laid in the areas around the wall. The talks, which were attended by the foreign ministers of Morocco, Algeria , Mauritania, and representatives from the Western Saharan Polisario secessionist movement, are the first to take place since Unfortunately, tensions between the two States carried on and rekindled the conflict in Western Sahara[1]. The Polisario Front accepted this voter list, as it had done with the previous list presented by the UN both of them originally based on the Spanish census of , but Morocco refused. Last year , a standoff ensued between Moroccan and Polisario forces in the Guerguerat buffer zone, where forces from both sides were deployed a little more than yards apart. Although it would have fish and phosphates and, perhaps, oil , an independent Sahrawi state might struggle to maintain current living standards, which are supported by Moroccan investment. The controversy dispute over Western Sahara has its origins in when Morocco annexed the Western Sahara known as the Spanish Sahara when Spain relinquished it. Neither side in the conflict wants to see the peacekeepers go, lest the result be more war. Thus, Algeria would become the most powerful State in the Maghreb. Algeria and Morocco have never hidden their rivalry; nevertheless the Arab Spring seems to contribute to a rapprochement of bilateral relations.

Although it would have fish and phosphates and, perhaps, oilan independent Sahrawi state might struggle to maintain current living standards, which are supported by Moroccan investment. On Apr. Khatri Addouh, leader of the Sahrawi delegation an Khatri Addouh, leader of the Sahrawi delegation and the Polisario Front, gestures as he talks to reporters after a two-day round of talks on ending the Western Sahara conflict, at U.

This explains the reason why the Spanish government promotes the dialogue with the Moroccan authorities to resolve the problem of illegal immigration and terrorism, sacrificing the support for the Front.

western sahara terrorism

It was intended to replace the Settlement Plan of and the Houston Agreement ofwhich had effectively failed to make any lasting improvement. Others pointed to Algeria —which supports and hosts Polisario—as the primary instigator.

Western sahara facts

The European Union focused on humanitarian aid, even if the role of the EU in Western Sahara is a problem that cannot be separated from the interests that bind Europe and Morocco. The prospect of independence still looks dim for Polisario, which is based in refugee camps in Algeria, a supporter of its cause. The first round of talks took place on 18—19 June , [53] during which both parties agreed to resume talks on 10—11 August. Security Council has approved a resolution welcoming stepped up efforts to try to restart negotiations to end the year conflict over the mineral-rich Western Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front. The timing coincides with the U. Department of Defense had approved a shipment of 62 tanks to Morocco. Polisario calls the territories under its control the Liberated Territories or the Free Zone , while Morocco controls and administers the rest of the disputed territory and calls these lands its Southern Provinces. The Trump administration has also been more willing than its predecessors to press Morocco. United by the fight against French colonialism, Morocco and Algeria became political and diplomat rivals after their respective independence. Constructed in six stages, from to , five 'breaches' along the wall allow Moroccan troops the right of pursuit. The territory under its control is rich in phosphates and its waters teem with fish. Although it would have fish and phosphates and, perhaps, oil , an independent Sahrawi state might struggle to maintain current living standards, which are supported by Moroccan investment. Indeed, shortly after the Houston Agreement , Morocco officially declared that it was "no longer necessary" to include an option of independence on the ballot, offering instead autonomy. There are other reasons for Polisario to consider compromising on full independence. The conflict has witnessed numerous violations of human rights and serious breaches of the Geneva convention on the part of all involved parties; the Polisario Front, the Moroccan government and the Algerian government among them.
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Western Sahara