The road to indian independence

Indian independence movement 1857 to 1947

Sir Cyril Radcliffe headed the boundary commission which draw up the border between India and Pakistan. Brothers Santa and Niranjan Singh were lucky to survive the crossing from their village of Bhasin on the Pakistani side of the new border to their current home in Sarangra in India. India and Pakistan are still healing their wounds of partition. This movement was accompanied by horrific mass violence which targeted women through rape and abduction and left an estimated million dead. The documents in this collection can be used to support this unit. We were suddenly turned into beggars," Nisa, 80, told The Associated Press. The positive impact of reform was seriously undermined in by the Rowlatt Act , named after the recommendations made the previous year to the Imperial Legislative Council by the Rowlatt Commission, which had been appointed to investigate "seditious conspiracy.

The elections[ change change source ] The rulers of the British Raj made a new law to govern India, named the Government of India Act Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

The United Kingdom started ruling India directly through its representative called the Viceroy of India earlier governor-general of india. Soldiers had to bite the cartridges with their teeth before loading them into their rifles, and the reported presence of cow and pig fat was religiously offensive to both Hindu and Muslim soldiers.

indian independence movement summary

Up to a dozen people from their village were killed in the madness, Santa told Reuters, saying they carried an injured brother across the border after he was shot through the head.

Gandhi's way[ change change source ] Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also known as Mahatma Gandhi had received his education at London. The British killed both by hanging them.

The road to indian independence

It has made wide scale progress and development in many fields. She was a scholar in many languages and she had proficiency with languages like French, English, and Urdu. Mangal Pandey's lonely act on March 29 did not move the Bengal Army to mutiny. The revolt shook the very foundations of British rule in India. Main articles: Colonial India , East India Company , Company rule in India , and British Raj Robert Clive with Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey After the defeat of Tipu Sultan , most of South India was now either under the company's direct rule, or under its indirect political control European traders first reached Indian shores with the arrival of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama in at the port of Calicut , in search of the lucrative spice trade. The Marquess of Dalhousie 's policy of annexation, the doctrine of lapse or escheat applied by the British, and the projected removal of the descendants of the Great Mughal from their ancestral palace at Red Fort to the Qutb Minar near Delhi also angered some people. The Company's troops led by Robert Clive defeated the rulers of Bengal in The leading intellectual figures of India at that time expressed their unhappiness at this partition. The partition of India. The conditions of service in the company's army and cantonments increasingly came into conflict with the religious beliefs and prejudices of the sepoys. He believed in truth, non-violence and love for fellow human beings.

On 14th Julythe Indian National Congress Party passed a resolution demanding complete independence from the British rule. Rani Velu Nachiyar formed a woman's army named "udaiyaal" in honour of her adopted daughter, Udaiyaal, who died detonating a British arsenal. At least a million people died in communal violence in the process.

A woman relative of year-old Muhammad Haseeb was killed as she worked in a field in the Nakyal sector on the Pakistani side just days before the partition anniversary.

why did india want independence

Many people started the movement in many places of India. The literacy rate of the nation has also increased over the years. Indian I. That was the beginning of British rule, known as the British Rajin India.

indian independence history
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India: 70 years of independence