Ku klux klan a 20th century
Most Klansmen were lower- to middle-class whites who were trying to protect their jobs and housing from the waves of newcomers to the industrial cities: immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, who were mostly Catholic or Jewish; and black and white migrants from the South.
In the 1920s the ku klux klan quizlet
The Klan again demonstrated its political power a few months later at the Democratic Party convention. But the major KKK strategy was electoral. More than 2, people were killed, wounded, or otherwise injured in Louisiana within a few weeks prior to the Presidential election of November Julian Harris Thomas Hardwick spoke out against the Klan in his reelection campaign of but was defeated by Clifford Walker. This non-alliance strategy was also valuable as a recruiting tool. The civil rights movement of the s saw a surge of local Klan activity across the South, including the bombings, beatings and shootings of black and white activists. Local chapters and bands were highly independent. By , the Ku Klux Klan had branches in nearly every southern state. By , the federal government had abdicated its responsibility to guarantee the rights of the freedpeople, which meant the Klan faced no effective opposition. Nearly one in five of the eligible Indiana population were members. Much of the second Klan's appeal can be credited to its militant advocacy of white supremacy, anti- Catholicism , anti-Semitism, and immigration restriction, but the organization also attracted the support of many middle-class Americans by advocating improved law enforcement, honest government, better public schools, and traditional family life. The group was extremely violent, as demonstrated throughout the s and s by hundreds of attacks against African Americans and white supporters of the civil rights movement.
Membership in the Klan and in other Prohibition groups overlapped, and they sometimes coordinated activities. In Aprilshortly after they began gaining popularity in the area, the Klan kidnapped Alex Johnson, a black man who had been accused of having sex with a white woman.
It circulated a manifesto, obtained by the Paris Star-Transcript, listing these objectives: To honour the glorious Union Jack; To serve the Protestant Church; And to advocate white supremacy and racial purity.
Today, the Klan appears to be in a much-weakened state, the result of public awareness groups and federal prosecutions for criminal activity. The organization of the Ku Klux Klan coincided with the beginning of the second phase of post- Civil War Reconstructionput into place by the more radical members of the Republican Party in Congress.
No nationally prominent religious leader said he was a Klan member.
What was the main goal of the ku klux klan
The anti-Semitic sentiments aroused by that case Frank was Jewish , along with the ongoing racism fueled by Griffith's film, led a local recruiter for men's fraternal societies named Wiliam J. Internal divisions, criminal behavior by leaders—especially Stephenson's conviction for the abduction, rape, and murder of Madge Oberholtzer —and external opposition brought about a collapse in the membership of both groups. The earlier Klan had not worn the white costumes or burned crosses; these were aspects introduced in the film. Landry Parish had a registered Republican majority of 1,, after the murders, no Republicans voted in the fall elections. The targets of the early twentieth century Klan expanded beyond just African-Americans to include Catholics, Jews and immigrants. They also argue that the Klan leadership focused more intently on monetizing the organization during this period than fulfilling the political goals of the organization. They were joined in this struggle by similar organizations such as the Knights of the White Camelia launched in Louisiana in and the White Brotherhood. Actors costumed in the regalia of the Ku Klux Klan chase down a white actor in blackface.
The historian Elaine Frantz Parsons describes the membership: Lifting the Klan mask revealed a chaotic multitude of antiblack vigilante groups, disgruntled poor white farmers, wartime guerrilla bands, displaced Democratic politicians, illegal whiskey distillers, coercive moral reformers, sadists, rapists, white workmen fearful of black competition, employers trying to enforce labor discipline, common thieves, neighbors with decades-old grudges, and even a few freedmen and white Republicans who allied with Democratic whites or had criminal agendas of their own.
Many of them operated in small towns and rural areas where people otherwise knew each other's faces, and sometimes still recognized the attackers by voice and mannerisms.
Inthe Supreme Court ruled in United States v. It aimed to reverse the interlocking changes sweeping over the South during Reconstruction: to destroy the Republican party's infrastructure, undermine the Reconstruction state, reestablish control of the black labor force, and restore racial subordination in every aspect of Southern life.
In a parade celebrating Martin Luther King Jr.
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