Compare and contrast the byzantine empire the islamic empire world and western europe
Compare and contrast roman empire and byzantine
Christians would thus have assumed that Spain, even though much of it might be Muslim ruled, was rightfully Christian. In the end, the Komnenoi had managed to restore the Byzantine Empire as a regional power, but it was left with structural weaknesses that would eventually prove to be its undoing. In the end, the Holy Roman Emperors and popes would reach a compromise with the Concordat of Worms. Philosophy and medicine were not the only fields of study to receive new interest. A similar system emerged in Heian Japan of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when mounted soldiers in this case samurai rather than knights came to occupy the social role of a warrior aristocracy see Chapter Four. Venice and Genoa, meanwhile, transported supplies to the Crusaders by sea. Far to the north, in Norway, a land of narrow fjords and valleys surrounded by pine-covered mountains, King Olaf II was following a similar set of policies. It was known as the re-conquest because there had been a Christian kingdom in Spain in the sixth and seventh centuries that had fallen to Muslim invaders in A self-governing town was often known as a commune. View from Europe The Western Church in Rome viewed this iconoclasm as undue Islamic influence on the Byzantines, and thus it contributed to their view of the Byzantines and Muslims as equally foreign. We call the Empire the Holy Roman Empire and the emperors Holy Roman Emperors for the convenience of modern readers, so that they will know that they are reading about neither the Roman Empire, which dominated the entirety of the Mediterranean world in ancient times, nor the Byzantine Empire, a regional power in the Eastern Mediterranean for most of the Middle Ages. This warfare began in the 7th century when the new Islamic empires conquered Byzantine provinces in Africa and Asia and threatened Constantinople itself, and continued on and off until the 11th century when a new regional power, the Seljuks, threatened Byzantium.
I encourage you to think about it yourself. Are we missing any dimensions? According to the Belgian historian, Henry Pirenne, the Roman empire did not die in AD as many of his nineteenth and early twentieth century colleagues maintained. His attempt to conquer Fatimid Egypt in alliance with the Kingdom of Jerusalem failed when the military commander of Damascus, Saladin, outmaneuvered both Byzantium and Jerusalem and instead added Egypt to the territory of Damascus, which created a Muslim Empire in the Middle East that menaced the Crusader States see Chapter Eight.
Moreover, not all churchmen recognized the absolute authority of the pope. In addition, the construction of stone castles in newly-conquered territories allow the Christian kings to secure their conquests.
Knights and castles came to dominate West Francia and then other parts of Europe for several reasons. The Crusaders advanced on Antioch, the largest and most prosperous city of the Levant, and, after a siege of nearly a year, both seized control of the city and defeated a Turkish army that attempted to relieve it.
Legacies of the byzantine empire
From the mid-eleventh century, both popes and other clergymen would seek to reform both the institutional structures of the Church and Christian society as a whole. As a result, Henry took a small band of followers and, in the dead of winter, crossed the Alps, braving the snowy, ice-covered passes to negotiate with the pope in person. Eventually, this conflict burst into open flame when Henry claimed that Gregory was in fact not rightfully pope at all and attempted to appoint his own pope. Instead, Pireene argued that Rome. His attempt to conquer Fatimid Egypt in alliance with the Kingdom of Jerusalem failed when the military commander of Damascus, Saladin, outmaneuvered both Byzantium and Jerusalem and instead added Egypt to the territory of Damascus, which created a Muslim Empire in the Middle East that menaced the Crusader States see Chapter Eight. In response, the patriarch excommunicated the pope. The city remained important to Christians, however, and, even while it was under Muslim rule, they had traveled to it as pilgrims, that is, travelers undertaking a journey for religious purposes. Bishops, the great lords of the Church, had a similar demand. Churchmen seeking to reform society had looked to quell the violence that was often frequent in Western Europe especially in France : this violence was usually the work of knights.
As goods moved north and south between the trade zones of the North Sea and the Mediterranean, nobles along that north-south route realized that they could enrich themselves by taxing markets.
But as we've talked about in multiple videos, inyou have the fall of the western Roman Empire and the west becomes fragmented, a bunch of various Germanic kingdoms, but the eastern Roman Empire with its capital at Constantinople, continues.
Christianity in the byzantine empire
The Irish city of Dublin, for example, had begun as a Viking trading post. Philosophy and medicine were not the only fields of study to receive new interest. Well the Roman Empire is named after its seat of power during the great majority of its history. As a result of constant warfare albeit warfare that was usually local in scope , power came to rest in control of fiefs and the ability to extract surplus from their occupants and to use this surplus to outfit armed men. So for example, the notion of chariot racing does and famously Justinian is almost overthrown after a rowdy chariot race, you don't have the Olympics, Theodosius felt that it wasn't in line with Christian tradition, but you did have things like imperial celebrations, imperial birthdays, so the Byzantine Empire definitely continued some of the traditions but also eliminated others. Shortly after beginning his reign, Barbarossa sought to implement this authority. Over the eleventh and twelfth centuries, these wooden castles came to be replaced with fortifi-cations of stone. So let's just do a review, this is what things look like at around the year Eventually, this coalition of the papacy and Lombard League inflicted a military defeat on Barbarossa at the Battle of Legnano, after which Barbarossa was forced to concede a great deal of self-rule within the Empire to the Italian city-states. The son of the deposed emperor whose eyes had been gouged out approached the crusaders and Venetians. By the 11th century the Eastern and Western churches had split, and Constantinople was viewed by the Latin West as a foreign power with a foreign religion.
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