A description of culture as the enduring behaviors ideas attitudes and tradition shared by a large g

The vicarious experience of anothers feelings; putting oneself in anothers shoes.

When it comes to change, cultures both embrace and resist change. On this account, culture links closely with social "cultivation"—the progressive refinement of human behavior. Incest taboo —why is this universal? On a broader scale, many countries market their cultural heritage internationally. The qualities that determine a subculture as distinct may be aesthetic , religious , occupational, political, sexual , or a combination of these factors. They believed that biological evolution would produce a most inclusive notion of culture, a concept that anthropologists could apply equally to non-literate and to literate societies, or to nomadic and to sedentary societies. Similarly with other subcultures within a society, attitudes of the mainstream population and communications between various cultural groups play a major role in determining outcomes. Americas The culture of the Americas has been influenced by indigenous peoples of the Americas. Sanctions vary with the importance of the norm; norms that a society enforces formally have the status of laws. That is to say, the quality of human interactions influences the formation of new ideas and beliefs that form cultural mentifacts. Many societies take the task of education out of the hands of priests and parents and place it on a wider footing, so that the young gain a practical and emotional identification with a standardized version of their nurturing culture. In this way, culture is both defined by the social activities of the group and also defines the behavior of the members of the society.

Each culture has different methods, or "sanctions," of enforcing its norms. Mentifacts are mental manifestations of culture—different ideas, beliefs, and knowledge and the ways in which these things are expressed in speech or other forms of communication. Some of these also include are regional influences, but there are several norms or forms of cultural expression that are particular to these religions.

Rule Breaking — a social norm for rule breaking?

the vicarious experience of anothers feelings; putting oneself in anothers shoes.

Cultural change can result from invention and innovation, or from contact between two cultures through acculturation. Although this view has gained some popular currency, anthropologists have generally rejected it.

Compared with males, the average female has ______ percent more fat.

A related term to acculturation is transculturation, which refers to the situation when an individual moves to a new culture and adopts it. Large societies often have subcultures, or groups of people with distinct sets of behavior and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. The qualities that determine a subculture as distinct may be aesthetic , religious , occupational, political, sexual , or a combination of these factors. Culture, on the other hand, refers to the social standards and norms of behavior, the traditions, values, ethics , morality , and religious beliefs and practices that are held in common by members of the society. They are the scripts of culture, repeatable, and transferable through imitation of another's actions, through instruction by others through demonstration or through the medium of language, even through reading what was written in detail by others. That this capacity for symbolic thinking and social learning stems from human evolution confounds older arguments about nature versus nurture. Some examples?

This occurs not only in the promotion of tourism importing moneybut also in cultural development abroad exporting ideas. There are more than 6, communities in the world, and as many different languages.

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Social Psychology David Myers 11e Chapter 5: Social Influence